Under the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance 2014-2020 (IPA II), cross-border cooperation is supported with the aim of improving good neighborly relations, encouraging European integration, and promoting social and economic development.
Actors from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro have the opportunity to participate in several cross-border, as well as transnational cooperation programs:
- Adriatic-Ionian Transnational Co-operation Program (Interreg ADRION)
- Interreg Danube Transnational Cooperation Program
- Transnational Cooperation Program Mediterranean (MED Programme)
In the framework of bilateral cooperation, in addition to the CBC Bosnia and Herzegovina-Montenegro Programme, Bosnia and Herzegovina also participates in CBC Serbia-Bosnia and Herzegovina, while Montenegro participates in the following programs: Serbia-Montenegro, Montenegro-Albania and Montenegro- Kosovo*.
Both countries take part in the Interreg Programme Croatia-Bosnia and Herzegovina-Montenegro, while Montenegro also participates in the trilateral Programme Italy-Albania-Montenegro.
Each of the above has detailed programme goals and priorities that are realised through supported projects, selected and contracted on the basis of periodic public calls for proposals. Only non-profit activities are financed in the program area, while applicants may be non-profit legal entities (e.g. public institutions at all levels, municipalities, public non-commercial enterprises, educational institutions, institutes, tourism associations, NGOs and citizens’ associations, as well as business associations, chambers of commerce, development agencies, etc.). Within the framework of transnational programs, the rules of the ERDF regulation are applied, which allow for the participation of profitable private legal entities under certain conditions. As an integral part of each announced call for proposals, detailed guidelines are published in which they are clarified, along with entire set of criteria and requirements pertaining to the specific call.
Detailed information on each program, as well as announcements of public calls, can be found on individual programme websites.
*This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSC 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo Declaration of Independence.